The changing global climate is already creating far-reaching impacts on population health in Florida that, paired with barriers to affordable healthcare access, will impact Florida’s most vulnerable populations. One particular concern is the increased threat of vector-borne diseases. Thanks to South Florida’s unique environment and status as an international gateway, Florida is particularly vulnerable to vector-borne diseases. The public health impacts of this threat are compounded by the fact that many cannot access affordable health coverage, including over 20% of adult Floridians. This brief explains the increasing threat of vector-borne disease in Florida as a result of the changing climate and the available public-sector responses, including expanding Florida’s Medicaid program under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
Vector-borne diseases are transmitted through a vector species, such as a mosquito, usually through a bite. Several biological and environmental factors control the transmission and spread of vector-borne diseases. While some factors are capable of human control, Florida also faces major environmental factors, including temperature and rainfall, which impact pathogen infectivity and survival as well vector species breeding. Hurricanes also provide an opportunity for vector-borne diseases to spread—heavy rains, storm surge, and damage create breeding opportunities for disease-carrying mosquitoes.
The Florida Health Justice Project, a nonprofit organization, recognizes that access to quality and affordable health care is a human right and engages in comprehensive advocacy to expand healthcare access and promote health equity for vulnerable Floridians.
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